二两茶叶包装有5斤 垃圾分类亟待源头“减负”

时间:2019-07-15 来源:www.bebasbookie.com

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The tea is packaged in a small aluminum can, each of which is separated by a foam lining. The foam is covered with a layer of flannel, all packed in a beautiful cardboard box. When you buy it, you can also put a tote bag. The public Chen Yu is puzzled: this small can of tea, which is only 4 grams per can, and less than one or two in total, has such a complex and lack of reusable packaging.

The reporter's continuous multi-day investigation found that excessive packaging of goods, complicated parcels of express delivery, and flooding of disposable tableware not only increased the load of garbage classification, but also wasted a lot of resources and needed to be changed.

More than two or two tea bags, weighing 5 pounds

“The outer packaging produces more garbage than tea. How do these materials be classified?” After the garbage classification came, the outer packaging of the small jar of tea made Chen Yu a headache.

He bought this 500 yuan Jinjunmei black tea, a total of 40 grams, it is enough to drink 10 times. The waste that can be produced is more than this: in addition to 10 extra small aluminum cans, there are various colors of wrapping paper, exquisite paper gift boxes, anti-collision foam linings, and tote bags. “It looks pretty beautiful, but nothing is left at home.”

In the tea world, this over-packaging abounds. Recently, Chen Haoran, a professor at Fudan University Law School, questioned the popularity of the tea-filled packaging. He had received 120 grams of tea from a friend, packed in two completely sealed aluminum-plastic pockets, which were stuffed in two ceramic jars with cherry blossoms, ceramic jars with large cartons, paper The box is in a yellow satin-like foam with a large box on it. The big box has two shiny metal wraps and a large cardboard pocket. "I called it, 2.5 kg!"

xxLike tea, gifts such as tobacco and alcohol, moon cakes, etc. are also the hardest hit areas of over-packaging, reflecting the psychology of “heavy packaging and good face”. Today, the waste generated by these over-packaging is putting a lot of pressure on the post-classification process. “How many categories do these outer packagings have when throwing? Is the non-woven fabric inside harmful?” Chen Haoran puzzled.

Easy to use, disposable tableware flooding

In addition to the bad tradition of “good face”, the new consumption model has further “over-extended” food packaging.

At noon on the weekend, in the dining area of Box Horse Fresh International Trade Center Center, there is a family of three holding crayfish. After a meal, I used 5 disposable plates and 3 disposable lunch boxes. There were also a lot of gloves, chopsticks, paper cups and cups scattered around.

For the convenience of the figure, the box horse fresh food has always provided disposable tableware. The reporter counted, at the peak of the weekend lunch at the Guomao Century Center store, it took 42 plates and 38 pairs of chopsticks in half an hour. Whether the tableware will be recycled or not, the staff said they did not know. In the box of Ma Shengsheng Chongwenmen New World Store, the staff responsible for cleaning bluntly said: disposable tableware after use is not brushed or washed, nor recycled, but thrown away in a bucket.

The problem of the spread of disposable tableware has become more serious with the rise of online take-out. In a sushi restaurant near the Communication University of China, even if you only buy two sushi, you will have two plastic boxes, two pairs of chopsticks, two pairs of gloves and a plastic bag. The waiter revealed that the store received an average of more than 30 orders a day, and purchased a whole package of vans every month, with twelve or three boxes.

xx电子商务兴起后,快递量逐年增加,产生的垃圾量不小。彭女士在网上购买化妆品,当她在网上购买商品时,快递盒经常会卷一圈胶带;有塑料袋,废报纸,防震保护气泡膜等。圈出胶带,然后是化妆品本身的盒子和袋子。 “这是干垃圾,可回收垃圾和危险废物。逐一检查它们尤其麻烦,”彭女士说。

源减少应该与分类同时开始

这些附属垃圾是否与必要的货物“买”?为什么我们的城市在不断产生毫无意义的垃圾的同时提倡废物分类呢?

“超市,网上购物,外卖等新的消费模式似乎让生活更加便利,但企业和消费者往往忽略了包装造成的垃圾问题。”马达,废物分类领域的专家和“零 - 放弃联盟“政策顾问说,废物分类的一个主要原因是分类成本高,但实际上,成本较高的主要原因之一是外部包装废物如塑料的数量是太大了,分类也很难。

有关部门已经发布了相关的过度包装标准。《限制商品过度包装要求食品和化妆品》国家标准规定包装材料,结构和成本应与内容的质量和规格相适应,并应有效利用资源,减少包装材料的数量。考虑包装回收和处理。环境影响和后处理成本。

这件作品是过度包装立法和禁止过度包装。陈浩然说。

Mauda还认为,在倡导废物分类的同时,还应减少来源,减少包装量,引导合理消费。

在短期内,享受便利包装的商人总能认为这种包装可以带来经济效益,忽视处理这些垃圾的巨大成本,而忽略了过度包装对环境和人们自身健康的影响。 “如果将后处理废物的成本转嫁给生产者,生产者自然会最大限度地减少外包装等废物的产生,”Mauda说。

目前,一些发达国家正在使用“生产者责任延伸制度”来遏制过度包装。该系统规定生产者在使用产品后应承担回收,再循环和最终处置的责任。零售商和消费者也应负责安全回收他们销售和消费的资源。 (记者曹铮实习生蔡景玲吴选纳)

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北京日报XX